Italian is a Romance language spoken mainly in Europe: Italy, Switzerland, San Marino, Vatican City. Many speakers are native bilinguals of both standardised Italian and other regional languages. According to statistics of the European Union, Italian is spoken as a mother tongue by 65 million people in the EU mainly in Italy, and as a second language by 14 million. Italian derives from Latin. Unlike most other Romance languages, Italian retains Latin's contrast between short and long consonants. As in most Romance languages, stress is distinctive. In particular, among the Romance languages, Italian is the closest to Latin in terms of vocabulary.