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3. 葡萄牙语字母表

3. 葡萄牙语字母表

葡萄牙语有26个字母。 aakkáuubbêlélevvêccêmêmewdábliuddênênexxiseêooyípsolonféfeppêzzêggêqquê hagárérre iisésse jjotattê ç (cê cedilha)不被认为是一个单独的字母。截止2009年1月的拼写变化:字母K、W、Y现在是正式的字母,尽管之前一直也在用。分音符 (trema: ¨)从gue、gui、qu和qui中删去,比如: aguentar、arguir、cinquenta、tranquilo。删去"pára/para", "péla/pela", "pêlo/pelo", "pólo/polo"和"pêra/pera"的区别音调,在动词"pôr"、"poder"和其他使用音调的词中保持不变,用来区别单数复数。比如tem/têm。取消倒数第二个音节是重读的词的开音节双元音的重读符号ói 和 éi,比如alcaloide, apoia, boia, colmeia。取消倒数第二个音节是重读的词的开音节双元音后i和u的重读符号,比如feiura。去掉êem and ôo(s) 结尾词的抑扬音符,比如leem, voo, enjoo。如果第二个元素开头是S或者R,应该双写,比如antirracismo, antissocial,如果第一个元素结尾和第二个元素开头都是元音,比如antiaéreo, autoestrada,去掉复合词的连词符。

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